Heavy Menstrual Bleeding, Improving Knowledge, Improving Lives
Polyps as cause for Heavy Menstrual Bleeding



  • Epithelial growth consisting of a mix of vascular, glandular, fibromuscular and connective tissues1 



  • Asymptomatic in most women2
  • Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in 3.7% to 65%, depending on the studies3-5
  • Approximately 25% may regress spontaneously, but the majority will persist beyond one year6,7 



  • Transvaginal ultrasound, hysteroscopy or both1,8



  • Hysteroscopic polypectomy7

Polyps Library

Find more information and download materials on polyps in the teaching and resources library.


  1. Munro MG, et al. Int J Gynaecol Obstet,2011; 113, 3–13.
  2. Munro M, et al. Int J Gynecol Obstet 2018;143,393-406.
  3. Dreisler E, et al. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2009;33:102–8.
  4. Preutthipan S & Herabutya Y. Fertil Steril 2005;83:705–9.
  5. Whitaker L & Critchley HO. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 2016;34:54–65.
  6. Lieng M, et al. J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2009;16:465–71.
  7. American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists. J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2012;19:3–10.
  8. Bahamondes L & Ali M. F1000Prime Rep 2015; 7:33–7.

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